What Causes Gum Disease?
Gum disease is a condition that occurs when plaque and tartar buildup in your mouth causes your gums to become inflamed and bleed easily. When gum disease is present, you may notice that your gums are red and swollen. You may even experience bad breath or an unpleasant taste in your mouth.
Plaque and tartar buildup occurs when you aren’t properly cleaning your teeth. It typically grows on your teeth after you eat and, if not removed, hardens into tartar. Plaque and tartar buildup can both be prevented by brushing your teeth at least twice a day and flossing at least once a day. The other causes of gum disease include smoking, genetics, certain medications, poor nutrition, diabetes, and hormonal changes.