Everything You May Need To Know About Periodontal Disease

Everything You May Need To Know About Periodontal Disease

Posted by DR. PENG Aug 19,2022

This is a thumbnail image of blog Everything You May Need To Know About Periodontal Disease

Do you know that periodontal disease is present in approximately 80% of all adults and is the leading cause of tooth loss? It is mainly the result of poor oral hygiene; however, other factors like family history, hormonal changes, certain medications, diabetes, or obesity can also be contributing factor. Read on to know more about periodontal disease and its treatments.

What Is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums, ligaments, and bones that anchor your teeth. This infection is caused by plaque, the sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on your teeth.

If plaque is not removed, it hardens into a rough, porous substance called calculus. This buildup irritates gums, causing redness and bleeding. This irritation also causes the gums to separate from the teeth, creating spaces for bacteria to thrive. If left untreated, the infection can eventually lead to tooth loss.

Stages of Periodontitis

Periodontitis involves progressive loss of gum attachment and bone. There are two major stages of periodontitis:

  • Stage 1: Gingivitis

Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease. It typically begins when plaque and bacteria accumulate on the teeth and harden into tartar. Your gums may become inflamed, red, and tender. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis. This stage of the disease can be reversed with daily brushing and flossing and regular cleanings by a dental professional.

  • Stage 2: Periodontitis

Periodontal disease is an infection that attacks the gums and the bone that supports the teeth. In the earliest stage, called gingivitis, gums can become inflamed and start to bleed. As the disease progresses, pockets of bacteria can form below the gum line and begin to infect the bone. If left untreated, teeth may fall out or need to be removed.

Treatments for Periodontal Disease

  • Scaling and root planing: This is the most common non-surgical treatment of gum disease. In this procedure, the periodontist removes plaque and tartar (calculus) from the teeth above and below the gum line. Scaling is the removal of calculus, while root planing is smoothing the root surfaces. This helps the gum tissue to heal and reattach to the tooth.
  • Medication: Prescription mouth rinses and antibiotics may be prescribed by the periodontist to help control infection and promote healing.
  • Gum surgery: Surgery may be required if the periodontist determines that the gum disease is severe and cannot be treated with non-surgical treatments alone. Gum surgery can repair the damage caused by gum disease and help prevent tooth loss.
  • Gum grafts: Gum grafts repair the damage caused by gum recession which is a common side effect of gum disease.

To learn more about treatments for periodontal disease, schedule an appointment with iSmile Dental Group Ohio. We are located at 1151 Bethel Road Suite #301, Columbus, OH 43220. Contact us at (614) 459-3229 or visit our website for more information. 

Leave A Reply

Please fill all the fields.


1151 Bethel Road Suite #301,
Columbus OH 43220

Office Hours

MON9:00 am - 5:00 pm

TUE9:00 am - 5:00 pm

WED9:00 am - 5:00 pm

THU9:00 am - 5:00 pm

FRIAppointment Only

SATAppointment Only